Internet shutdown should be considered as a crime and be giving a high threat value, because the internet has become a daily commodity such as electricity and water in this technology growing era. Not forgetting that several things are depending on the internet and more will be supported by it. The rapid growth in technology such as 5G technology, Artificial Intelligence, Smart City, Smart Cars and Internet of Things (IoT) as an indication. For this purpose, we think it worth discussing and policy need to be put in place to eradicate the use of power in such areas of people’s life.
Internet shutdown will cost African countries more in the year 2020, considering African countries like Nigeria seeking the oppotunity to add a social media bill and internet control to law. While last year’s report shows billions of dollars that were lost based on the Internet shutdown. Internet research firm Top10VPN shows an increment in internet shutdown in the year 2019 than any other year before. During the analysis of every Internet shutdown in 2019, they said, “We calculated over 18 000 hours of Internet shutdowns around the world in 2019 to have cost the global economy $8.05 billion. This represents a 235% increase in impact compared to $2.4 billion in 2015/16, according to the most recently available analysis.”
The research company further indicates that the shutdowns saw African’s facing a combined 7 800 hours without the Internet, with Algeria, Chad, DRC, Ethiopia, and Zimbabwe acting as the worst offenders. Which mostly occur in response to protests or civil unrest, especially surrounding elections, as authoritarian regimes look to restrict the flow of information and maintain their grip on power
According to digital advocacy group, Access Now, “An Internet shutdown is an intentional disruption of Internet or electronic communications, rendering them inaccessible or effectively unusable for a specific population or within a location, often to exert control over the flow of information.”
Economically, internet shutdown disruptions not only the formal economy but also the informal, especially in nations such as the one in Africa. For a developing countries in Africa, the disruptions have more advance effect which may include the loss of investor confidence, Affect technology development, reduce equal right, Human right fight because the shutdown was clearly to target the low class of the society and to affect there citizen’s freedom to express and the right to discuss factors affecting them as citizen of a free world where everybody suppose to have a freedom of speech and freedom after speech.
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